How do you cite in a speech?
Remember to include the following when giving an oral citation: the title, author, date and the author’s credentials or title of publication. You can use key words to develop the phrasing necessary for oral citations, such as: According to. Explains.
Can you say et al in a speech?
4 Answers. The standard English pronunciation can be found in a dictionary, see, e.g., et al. at MacMillan dictionary. However, during a presentation, instead of reading that abbreviation, it is probably nicer to say something like: “Smith and his/her group/coauthors/colleagues published the paper […]”.
How is et al pronounce?
“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.
What does et al mean after a name?
“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al.
What is the proper way to use et al?
List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.
What does etal mean after a name?
abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alii meaning “and others.” This is commonly used in shortening the name of a case, as in “Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et al.”
How do you write thesis in et al?
Modern Language Association (MLA) Style Manual: For research papers having three or more authors, MLA states that, for the reference list, the first author’s surname should be cited, followed by a comma, then the rest of the name, followed by “et al.” For in-text citations, the first author’s surname is followed by “et …