Is an isothermal process?
In thermodynamics, an isothermal process is a type of thermodynamic process in which the temperature of the system remains constant: ΔT = 0.
How do you solve an isothermal process?
For an ideal gas, from the ideal gas law PV = NkT, PV remains constant through an isothermal process. A curve in a P-V diagram generated by the equation PV = const is called an isotherm. For an isothermal, reversible process, the work done by the gas is equal to the area under the relevant pressure -volume isotherm.
Is work done in an adiabatic process?
When an ideal gas is compressed adiabatically (Q=0), work is done on it and its temperature increases; in an adiabatic expansion, the gas does work and its temperature drops.
What causes irreversibility?
Four of the most common causes of irreversibility are friction, unrestrained expansion of a fluid, heat transfer through a finite temperature difference, and mixing of two different substances. These factors are present in real,irreversible processes and prevent these processes from being reversible.
Which one is not a state function?
Heat and work are not state functions. Work can’t be a state function because it is proportional to the distance an object is moved, which depends on the path used to go from the initial to the final state.